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  • The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework1

    2018-10-24u2002·u2002Figure 1: The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework The left vertical axes is the conflict escalation ladder for India while the vertical axis on the right represents the escalation ladder for Pakistan. As one goes up the escalation ladder, each state's belligerence increases.

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  • Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation. Reciprocal airstrikes by India and Pakistan have been accompanied by shelling, troop reinforcements and small arms fire. In this Q&A calling for restraint between the nuclear-armed neighbours, Crisis Group's Asia Program Director Laurel Miller notes that the airspace violations alone were ...

    Get Price
  • (PDF) The India–Pakistan Conflict Escalation Framework

    Figure 1: The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework. The left vertical axes is the conflict escalation ladder for India while the vertical axis on the .

    Get Price
  • A Framework to Model the India—Pakistan Conflict Escalation

    2017-6-14u2002·u2002A framework to model the India-Pakistan conflict escalation. By combining II.1 and II.2, the observations that can be made regar ding the. conventional thresholds of …

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  • Pakistan's sea-based nuclear deterrent and its asymmetric ...

    2018-5-1u2002·u2002This brief situates Pakistan's pursuit of a sea-based nuclear deterrent within the context of its asymmetric escalation strategy. It does so by examining the role of Pakistan's land-based tactical nuclear weapons in such strategy, as well as by raising questions about claims that India may be shifting towards a counterforce targeting strategy and thus endangering the survivability …

    Get Price
  • India-Pakistan Crises and Nuclear Escalation Dynamics

    2019-11-16u2002·u2002During the two major crises of 1986-87 and 2001-02 where India had threatened to launch a major military offensive, Pakistan resorted to 'deterrence by punishment' model; whereas in the rest of crises (1999, 2008, 2019), 'deterrence by the denial' model seems to have prevented both sides from climbing up the escalation ladder.

    Get Price
  • Dynamics of Escalation in South Asia and Pakistan's ...

    2020-3-26u2002·u2002The South Asian region has always been regarded vulnerable to military escalation based on its ever-changing complex security dynamics and volatile relations between India and Pakistan. Since the year 2019, the prevalent security environment of the South Asian region has once again become a dominant regional and global concern. The world witnessed India's …

    Get Price
  • Common Factors of Cost Escalation in Construction Industry ...

    2019-8-1u2002·u2002In Pakistan, cost escalation is a ubiquitous problem, especially in Government organizations. Cost escalation is the adjustment or settlement of unit price of contract component which includes labor, construction materials and equipment to contract the value during bid and is almost inevitable in large construction projects [1]. ...

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  • DETERRENCE STABILITY ESCALATION CONTROL IN SOUTH

    2020-2-1u2002·u2002India and Pakistan are slowly climbing this familiar path, adding perhaps 10 war-heads per year as they add delivery vehicles for their use, if deterrence fails.1 India and Pakistan appear on course to each have a triad, large families of ballistic and cruise missiles, and, in the case of Pakistan (with perhaps India to follow), a declared

    Get Price
  • 'Which World Is New Zealand Living In?' - PCB Chairman ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002– PCB chairman Ramiz Raja threatens escalation after tour cancellation by Wisden Staff September 17, 2021 - 1:40pm 3 minute read Incoming Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) chairman Ramiz Raja has said New Zealand 'will hear [the PCB] at ICC', after the Blackcaps abandoned their tour of Pakistan over security concerns.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework ...

    Figure 1: The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework The left vertical axes is the conflict escalation ladder for India while the vertical axis on the right represents the escalation ladder for Pakistan. As one goes up the escalation ladder, each state's belligerence increases.

    Get Price
  • Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation. Reciprocal airstrikes by India and Pakistan have been accompanied by shelling, troop reinforcements and small arms fire. In this Q&A calling for restraint between the nuclear-armed neighbours, Crisis Group's Asia Program Director Laurel Miller notes that the airspace violations alone were ...

    Get Price
  • Dynamics of Escalation in South Asia and Pakistan's ...

    2020-3-26u2002·u2002The South Asian region has always been regarded vulnerable to military escalation based on its ever-changing complex security dynamics and volatile relations between India and Pakistan. Since the year 2019, the prevalent security environment of the South Asian region has once again become a dominant regional and global concern. The world witnessed India's …

    Get Price
  • The Escalatory Risks of India's Integrated Battle Groups ...

    2021-8-5u2002·u2002The 1 Corps has reportedly been stripped of much of its infantry and some of its armor. Under the circumstance of seeming equivalence—two of Pakistan's strike corps versus India's two plus the newly downsized corps—Pakistan may react more successfully to IBG offensives under its 'new concept of warfighting' doctrine.

    Get Price
  • First lull in Kashmir since latest India-Pakistan escalation

    2019-3-4u2002·u2002MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan (AP) — Residents near the disputed boundary in the divided Kashmir region on Sunday experienced their first lull since a dangerous escalation between Pakistan and India erupted last week, bringing the two nuclear-armed rivals close to war.

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  • US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and ...

    2021-4-29u2002·u2002US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and probability of war and escalation between India and Pakistan. Foreign Policy News Follow on Twitter April 29, 2021. 0 4,382 4 minutes read. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr VKontakte Odnoklassniki WhatsApp Telegram Viber Share via Email Print.

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  • Pakistan divided over success of Taliban in Afghanistan ...

    2021-8-17u2002·u2002The Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM), a social movement for the human rights of the Pashtuns living in the Pakistan areas bordering Afghanistan, said it had already seen an escalation …

    Get Price
  • 'Which World Is New Zealand Living In?' - PCB Chairman ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002– PCB chairman Ramiz Raja threatens escalation after tour cancellation by Wisden Staff September 17, 2021 - 1:40pm 3 minute read Incoming Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) chairman Ramiz Raja has said New Zealand 'will hear [the PCB] at ICC', after the Blackcaps abandoned their tour of Pakistan over security concerns.

    Get Price
  • India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid ...

    2019-8-2u2002·u2002India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid Escalation - Report Since 2003, India and Pakistan have repeatedly accused each other of violating the ceasefire, with continued instability in the region leading to the emergence... 01.08.2019, Sputnik International

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  • New Zealand pull out of Pakistan tour: 'security alert ...

    2021-9-18u2002·u2002'The side was to play Pakistan this evening in the first of three ODIs in Rawalpindi, before moving to Lahore for a five-match T20 series. However, following an escalation in the New Zealand Government threat levels for Pakistan, and advice from NZC security advisors on the ground, it has been decided the Blackcaps will not continue with the tour,' the statement said.

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  • First lull in Kashmir since latest India-Pakistan escalation

    2019-3-4u2002·u2002MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan (AP) — Residents near the disputed boundary in the divided Kashmir region on Sunday experienced their first lull since a dangerous escalation between Pakistan and India erupted last week, bringing the two nuclear-armed rivals close to war.

    Get Price
  • Pakistan's deterrence capability & escalation control ...

    2021-1-12u2002·u2002By Dr Mehmood-ul-Hassan Khan CONSTANT Indian 'warmongering' has now forced Pakistan to take 'concrete' steps to further strengthen its 'Deterrence' 'Capabilities (DCs)' and upgrade its 'Escalation Control System (ECS). Most recently, according to Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Director General Major General Babar Iftikhar, Pakistan successfully conducted a …

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  • Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation. Reciprocal airstrikes by India and Pakistan have been accompanied by shelling, troop reinforcements and small arms fire. In this Q&A calling for restraint between the nuclear-armed neighbours, Crisis Group's Asia Program Director Laurel Miller notes that the airspace violations alone were ...

    Get Price
  • (PDF) India-Pakistan Conflict Escalation and De-Escalation ...

    India-Pakistan Conflict Escalation and De-Escalation… 103 in Pakistan. It has orchestrated terrorist attacks in Pakistan against state institutions and civilians. The Afghani Taliban: Quetta Shura and the Haqqani Network, which found a safe haven in Pakistan and have received strong support from the ISI and the army.

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  • Indo-Pak Escalation: Analysing Pakistan's Response and its ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Indo-Pak Escalation: Analysing Pakistan's Response and its Aftermath. 'You cannot surprise us but we will surprise you', was message sent by the Pakistan Army in an audacious tone, to its Indian counterpart on February 26, after the Indian Air force violated Pakistan…

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  • Conceptualizing Escalation Dynamics in South Asia - Oxford ...

    This chapter serves as the theoretical and conceptual basis of the book. The chapter discusses the classical views on escalation, followed by an analysis of the various debates on India–Pakistan escalation dynamics. The chapter thereafter examines the traditional understanding of the India–Pakistan escalation ladder. The chapter concludes by highlighting the missing link in the …

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  • India-Pakistan Crises and Nuclear Escalation Dynamics

    2019-11-16u2002·u2002During the two major crises of 1986-87 and 2001-02 where India had threatened to launch a major military offensive, Pakistan resorted to 'deterrence by punishment' model; whereas in the rest of crises (1999, 2008, 2019), 'deterrence by the denial' model seems to have prevented both sides from climbing up the escalation ladder.

    Get Price
  • DETERRENCE STABILITY ESCALATION CONTROL IN SOUTH

    2020-2-1u2002·u2002India and Pakistan are slowly climbing this familiar path, adding perhaps 10 war-heads per year as they add delivery vehicles for their use, if deterrence fails.1 India and Pakistan appear on course to each have a triad, large families of ballistic and cruise missiles, and, in the case of Pakistan (with perhaps India to follow), a declared

    Get Price
  • Pakistan Bureau of Statistics

    Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey, District Level - 2019-20 has been published. Read more. PBS has released detailed Results of 6th Population & Housing Census, 2017. PBS has released detailed Tabulations (40 Reports) of Population & Housing characteristics at National, Provincial, FATA and Islamabad.

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  • Cost of Construction in Pakistan in 2021

    The cost of construction in Pakistan for housing projects has also crawled up by 4% to 6% as the share of steel bars ranges between 15% and 20% in the total expenditure. As overall costs are increasing, and so is the cost of labour. In such times, development projects can be significantly delayed and not be completed in the stipulated timeframe ...

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  • (PDF) The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework ...

    Figure 1: The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework The left vertical axes is the conflict escalation ladder for India while the vertical axis on the right represents the escalation ladder for Pakistan. As one goes up the escalation ladder, each state's belligerence increases.

    Get Price
  • Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation. Reciprocal airstrikes by India and Pakistan have been accompanied by shelling, troop reinforcements and small arms fire. In this Q&A calling for restraint between the nuclear-armed neighbours, Crisis Group's Asia Program Director Laurel Miller notes that the airspace violations alone were ...

    Get Price
  • Dynamics of Escalation in South Asia and Pakistan's ...

    2020-3-26u2002·u2002The South Asian region has always been regarded vulnerable to military escalation based on its ever-changing complex security dynamics and volatile relations between India and Pakistan. Since the year 2019, the prevalent security environment of the South Asian region has once again become a dominant regional and global concern. The world witnessed India's continued brutalities […]

    Get Price
  • The Escalatory Risks of India's Integrated Battle Groups ...

    2021-8-5u2002·u2002The 1 Corps has reportedly been stripped of much of its infantry and some of its armor. Under the circumstance of seeming equivalence—two of Pakistan's strike corps versus India's two plus the newly downsized corps—Pakistan may react more successfully to IBG offensives under its 'new concept of warfighting' doctrine.

    Get Price
  • First lull in Kashmir since latest India-Pakistan escalation

    2019-3-4u2002·u2002MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan (AP) — Residents near the disputed boundary in the divided Kashmir region on Sunday experienced their first lull since a dangerous escalation between Pakistan and India erupted last week, bringing the two nuclear-armed rivals close to war.

    Get Price
  • US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and ...

    2021-4-29u2002·u2002US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and probability of war and escalation between India and Pakistan. Foreign Policy News Follow on Twitter April 29, 2021. 0 4,382 4 minutes read. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr VKontakte Odnoklassniki WhatsApp Telegram Viber Share via …

    Get Price
  • Pakistan divided over success of Taliban in Afghanistan ...

    2021-8-17u2002·u2002The Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM), a social movement for the human rights of the Pashtuns living in the Pakistan areas bordering Afghanistan, said it had already seen an escalation …

    Get Price
  • 'Which World Is New Zealand Living In?' - PCB Chairman ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002– PCB chairman Ramiz Raja threatens escalation after tour cancellation by Wisden Staff September 17, 2021 - 1:40pm 3 minute read Incoming Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) chairman Ramiz Raja has said New Zealand 'will hear [the PCB] at ICC', after the Blackcaps abandoned their tour of Pakistan over security concerns.

    Get Price
  • India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid ...

    2019-8-2u2002·u2002India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid Escalation - Report Since 2003, India and Pakistan have repeatedly accused each other of violating the ceasefire, with continued instability in the region leading to the emergence... 01.08.2019, Sputnik International

    Get Price
  • New Zealand pull out of Pakistan tour: 'security alert ...

    2021-9-18u2002·u2002'The side was to play Pakistan this evening in the first of three ODIs in Rawalpindi, before moving to Lahore for a five-match T20 series. However, following an escalation in the New Zealand Government threat levels for Pakistan, and advice from NZC security advisors on the ground, it has been decided the Blackcaps will not continue with the tour,' the statement said.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework ...

    Figure 1: The India—Pakistan conflict escalation framework The left vertical axes is the conflict escalation ladder for India while the vertical axis on the right represents the escalation ladder for Pakistan. As one goes up the escalation ladder, each state's belligerence increases.

    Get Price
  • Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation ...

    2019-3-1u2002·u2002Calming India and Pakistan's Tit-for-Tat Escalation. Reciprocal airstrikes by India and Pakistan have been accompanied by shelling, troop reinforcements and small arms fire. In this Q&A calling for restraint between the nuclear-armed neighbours, Crisis Group's Asia Program Director Laurel Miller notes that the airspace violations alone were ...

    Get Price
  • Dynamics of Escalation in South Asia and Pakistan's ...

    2020-3-26u2002·u2002The South Asian region has always been regarded vulnerable to military escalation based on its ever-changing complex security dynamics and volatile relations between India and Pakistan. Since the year 2019, the prevalent security environment of the South Asian region has once again become a dominant regional and global concern. The world witnessed India's …

    Get Price
  • The Escalatory Risks of India's Integrated Battle Groups ...

    2021-8-5u2002·u2002The 1 Corps has reportedly been stripped of much of its infantry and some of its armor. Under the circumstance of seeming equivalence—two of Pakistan's strike corps versus India's two plus the newly downsized corps—Pakistan may react more successfully to IBG offensives under its 'new concept of warfighting' doctrine.

    Get Price
  • First lull in Kashmir since latest India-Pakistan escalation

    2019-3-4u2002·u2002MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan (AP) — Residents near the disputed boundary in the divided Kashmir region on Sunday experienced their first lull since a dangerous escalation between Pakistan and India erupted last week, bringing the two nuclear-armed rivals close to war.

    Get Price
  • US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and ...

    2021-4-29u2002·u2002US intelligence report on South Asia: Dynamics and probability of war and escalation between India and Pakistan. Foreign Policy News Follow on Twitter April 29, 2021. 0 4,382 4 minutes read. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr VKontakte Odnoklassniki WhatsApp Telegram Viber Share via Email Print.

    Get Price
  • Pakistan divided over success of Taliban in Afghanistan ...

    2021-8-17u2002·u2002The Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM), a social movement for the human rights of the Pashtuns living in the Pakistan areas bordering Afghanistan, said it had already seen an escalation …

    Get Price
  • 'Which World Is New Zealand Living In?' - PCB Chairman ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002– PCB chairman Ramiz Raja threatens escalation after tour cancellation by Wisden Staff September 17, 2021 - 1:40pm 3 minute read Incoming Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) chairman Ramiz Raja has said New Zealand 'will hear [the PCB] at ICC', after the Blackcaps abandoned their tour of Pakistan over security concerns.

    Get Price
  • India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid ...

    2019-8-2u2002·u2002India Moves 25,000 More Troops to Pakistan Border Amid Escalation - Report Since 2003, India and Pakistan have repeatedly accused each other of violating the ceasefire, with continued instability in the region leading to the emergence... 01.08.2019, Sputnik International

    Get Price
  • New Zealand pull out of Pakistan tour: 'security alert ...

    2021-9-18u2002·u2002'The side was to play Pakistan this evening in the first of three ODIs in Rawalpindi, before moving to Lahore for a five-match T20 series. However, following an escalation in the New Zealand Government threat levels for Pakistan, and advice from NZC security advisors on the ground, it has been decided the Blackcaps will not continue with the tour,' the statement said.

    Get Price
  • Pakistan's sea-based nuclear deterrent and its asymmetric ...

    2018-5-1u2002·u2002This brief situates Pakistan's pursuit of a sea-based nuclear deterrent within the context of its asymmetric escalation strategy. It does so by examining the role of Pakistan's land-based tactical nuclear weapons in such strategy, as well as by raising questions about claims that India may be shifting towards a counterforce targeting strategy and thus endangering the survivability of ...

    Get Price
  • Escalation of Military Conflict between India and Pakistan ...

    This paper describes the military conflict escalation between India and Pakistan in the period after 1999 Lahore Declaration. After several major wars, military conflicts between the two countries continued to this day. Previous studies on the India-Pakistan conflict only discussed the causes of this conflict and efforts to resolve conflicts.

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  • Pakistan's Sea-Based Nuclear Deterrent and its

    2018-5-1u2002·u2002Pakistan's nuclear arsenal was estimated to be of 130 warheads.4 Coupled with other nuclear-weapons development in Pakistan, a worrying picture emerges. In this analysis, Babur-3 can be viewed as a third-strike weapon. Its test marks a Pakistan's Sea-Based Nuclear Deterrent and its Asymmetric Escalation Strategy ABHIJNAN REJ To know more about

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  • New Zealand abandon Pakistan tour after 'security threat ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002New Zealand abandon Pakistan tour after 'security threat' The Black Caps have taken the decision 'following an escalation in the New Zealand Government threat levels for Pakistan'

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  • Pakistan vs New Zealand, New Zealand in Pakistan, 1st ODI ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u20021.25pm Good afternoon, everyone, welcome to ESPNcricinfo's live ball-by-ball coverage of the ODI series opener between hosts Pakistan and New Zealand in Rawalpindi.

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  • England's men's and women's team withdrawn from

    2021-9-20u2002·u2002England have withdrawn their men's and women's teams from series in Pakistan that were due to take place in October. The men were set to make their first trip to Pakistan since 2005, while the ...

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  • Pak vs NZ 2021 - New Zealand call off Pakistan tour ...

    2021-9-17u2002·u2002New Zealand have called off their limited-overs tour of Pakistan citing security concerns, leaving the cricket community in Pakistan unimpressed. PCB chairman Ramiz Raja was especially critical of ...

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  • Two Indian jets shot down, says Pakistan government, as ...

    2019-2-27u2002·u2002Pakistan says its air force shot down two Indian fighter jets over the disputed border region of Kashmir, in a significant escalation of the crisis between the two nuclear-armed powers.

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  • AUKUS intensifies Pak-India rivalry

    2021-10-1u2002·u2002AUKUS intensifies Pak-India rivalry. AUKUS is the result of America and China globally locking horns in what many describe as 'a New Cold War'. The writer is a senior consultant, foreign ...

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  • India concerned by recent escalation in Gaza Strip, says ...

    2021-8-31u2002·u2002United Nations: Voicing concern over the recent escalation in the Gaza Strip, India on Monday called on all parties to the conflict to refrain from acts that could exacerbate tensions and worsen the security situation in the region. Speaking at the UN Security Council meeting on the Middle East Peace Process, including the Palestine Question, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla also ...

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